目录

if...else statement

if语句后面可以跟一个可选的else语句,该语句在布尔表达式为false时执行。

语法 (Syntax)

Go编程语言中if...else语句的语法是 -

if(boolean_expression) {
   /* statement(s) will execute if the boolean expression is true */
} else {
   /* statement(s) will execute if the boolean expression is false */
}

如果布尔表达式的计算结果为true ,则执行if block代码if block ,否则执行代码else block

流程图 (Flow Diagram)

go if ... else语句

例子 (Example)

package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
   /* local variable definition */
   var a int = 100;
   /* check the boolean condition */
   if( a < 20 ) {
      /* if condition is true then print the following */
      fmt.Printf("a is less than 20\n" );
   } else {
      /* if condition is false then print the following */
      fmt.Printf("a is not less than 20\n" );
   }
   fmt.Printf("value of a is : %d\n", a);
}

编译并执行上述代码时,会产生以下结果 -

a is not less than 20;
value of a is : 100

if...else if...else (The if...else if...else Statement)

if语句后面可以跟一个else if...else语句,这对于使用单个if ... else if语句测试各种条件非常有用。

当使用if,else if,else语句时,要记住几点 -

  • 一个if可以有零个或一个其他的,它必须在任何其他if之后。

  • 如果是的话,if可以有零到多个,并且它们必须在else之前。

  • 一旦else成功,其余的其他if或者其他都将被测试。

语法 (Syntax)

Go编程语言中if...else if...else语句的语法是 -

if(boolean_expression 1) {
   /* Executes when the boolean expression 1 is true */
} else if( boolean_expression 2) {
   /* Executes when the boolean expression 2 is true */
} else if( boolean_expression 3) {
   /* Executes when the boolean expression 3 is true */
} else {
   /* executes when the none of the above condition is true */
}

例子 (Example)

package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
   /* local variable definition */
   var a int = 100
   /* check the boolean condition */
   if( a == 10 ) {
      /* if condition is true then print the following */
      fmt.Printf("Value of a is 10\n" )
   } else if( a == 20 ) {
      /* if else if condition is true */
      fmt.Printf("Value of a is 20\n" )
   } else if( a == 30 ) {
      /* if else if condition is true  */
      fmt.Printf("Value of a is 30\n" )
   } else {
      /* if none of the conditions is true */
      fmt.Printf("None of the values is matching\n" )
   }
   fmt.Printf("Exact value of a is: %d\n", a )
}

编译并执行上述代码时,会产生以下结果 -

None of the values is matching
Exact value of a is: 100
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